Purple Heron (Ardea purpurea)

Purple Heron (Ardea purpurea)

Purple Heron
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Ciconiiformes
Family: Ardeidae
Genus: Ardea
Species: A. purpurea
Binomial name
Ardea purpurea
Linnaeus, 1766

The Purple Heron (Ardea purpurea) is a wading bird of the heron family Ardeidae, common throughout southern Europe and Asia. It is strongly migratory, wintering in tropical Africa.

This species breeds in colonies in reed beds or trees close to large lakes or other extensive wetlands. It builds a bulky stick nest.

It feeds in shallow water, spearing fish, frogs or insects with its long, sharp bill. It will often wait motionless for prey, or slowly stalk its victim. It tends to keep within reedbeds more than the Grey Heron, and is often inconspicuous, despite its size.

The Purple Heron is a large bird, standing 80 cm tall, and it has a 120 cm wingspan. It is somewhat smaller than Grey Heron, from which it can be distinguishes by its darker reddish-brown plumage, and, in adults, darker grey back. It has a narrower yellow bill, which is brighter in breeding adults.

It has a slow flight, with its neck retracted. This is characteristic of herons and bitterns, and distinguishes them from storks, cranes and spoonbills, which extend their necks. The long neck of Purple Heron looks particularly snake-like, with more of an S-shape in flight.

The call is a loud croaking "krek".

The Purple heron is a likely basis for the Egyptian phoenix, or bennu, which means purple heron.

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