Kephisodotos, Eirene and Ploutos and Athena

Michael Lahanas

Klassische Griechische Kunst : Frieden und Wohlstand

Next he [Zeus] married bright Themis who bare the Horae (Hours), and Eunomia (Order), Dike (Justice), and blooming Eirene (Peace), who mind the works of mortal men, and the Moerae (Fates) to whom wise Zeus gave the greatest honour, Clotho, and Lachesis, and Atropos who give mortal men evil and good to have. Hesiod Theogony


Eirene
and Ploutos, Kephisodotos the Elder’s (or Cephisodotus) (bronze?). Statue group erected in the Agora, Athens, c. 370 BC. Produced after the peace agreement between Athens and Sparta. Eirene, the Peace, is shown with her child Ploutos (Wealth). With the late classical style Eirene is like a Madonna with Jesus. For me Eirene looks very sad and almost ignoring the young Ploutos. Should she not be happy? Is she thinking that Peace and Wealth are illusions or only of short duration?

After the statues of the eponymoi come statues of gods, Amphiaraus, and Eirene carrying the boy Ploutos ...It was a clever idea of these artists to place Wealth in the arms of Fortune, and so to suggest that she is his mother or nurse..... Equally clever was the conception of Kephisodotos, who made the image of Peace for the Athenians with Wealth in her arms. Pausanias Description of Greece, Book I, Attica

According to Hesiod (Theogony. 901-902) Eirene, Eunomia (Good Order), and Dike (Justice) as the Horai (Seasons) are daughters of Themis (Law). Themis was the mother of Achilles.


Two possible reconstructions, especially Ploutos carries different objects

Eirene and Ploutos 3D View (German Webpage)

Is the comparison of Eirene, the personification of Peace, and Valeria Messalina justified? The Romans produced a life-size marble statue of Messalina carrying the infant Britannicus adopted from Eirene and Ploutos .

Personifications:

Apate (Deceit)
Arete (Excellence, Valor)
Basileia ( Monarchy)
Boule (Council)
Demokratia (Democracy)
Demos (population)
Eirene (Peace)
Erebos (Darkness, married with Nyx)
Eris (Discord and Strife, Companion of Ares)
Eukleia (Good Repute)
Eunomia (Good Order)
Eutaxia (Good Order)
Harmonia (Harmony, daughter of Ares and Aphrodite!)
Hebe (Youth)
Hellas (Greece)
Hemera (Day, daughter of Nyx and Erebos and sister of Hypnos)
Hygeia (Health)
Homonoia (Concord)
Hypnos (Sleep father of Icelus, Orpheus, Phobetor and Phantasos. A twin brother of Thanatos, son of Nyx and Erebos)
Mnemosyne (Memory)
Nemesis (Retribution)
Nike (Victory, daughter of Pallas and Styx. Nike's other brothers and sisters are Cratos (Strength), Zelos (Zeal) and Bia (Force)).
Nyx (Night)
Oligarchia (Oligarchy)
Peitho (Persuasion, son of Aphrodite and Hermes)
Penia (Poverty)
Philia (Friendship)
Phyle/Phylai (Tribe/s)
Poros (Expediency, husband of Penia)
Pothos (Desire a son of Aphrodite)
Ploutos (Wealth)
Soteria (Salvation)
Thanatos (Death, Twin brother of Hypnos)
Themis (Law)
Tyche (Good Fortune)
Zelos (Enthusiasm and zeal, son of Styx and Pallas)


Eirene and Ploutos and a Greek Stamp dedicated to the United Nations and Peace.

100 Drachmae, 1913

List of Greek and Hellenistic Sculptors

Ploutos in Mythology

United States Supreme Court. Washington DC, The Contemplation of Justice (PDF, 466K)

More Images of Justice as Personification




Athena of Piraeus, discovered 1959. Probably another work of Kephisodotos.

A Roman copy of the Athena of Piraeus , Louvre N. 530


A Greek Stamp with the Athena of Piraeus

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