Poseidon (or Zeus) of Artemision

Ποσειδώνας ή Δίας του Αρτεμισίου

Poseidon oder Zeus von Artemision

Poseidon (some say it is more likely Zeus) of Artemision in the National Museum of Athens. Probably a work of Kalamis around 460 BC. Discovered 1928 in a shipwreck at Cape Artemision. A 2.09 meter bronze statue. The model looks realistic as the body is not in a symmetric stiff position like an archaic kouros but more relaxed (use of contrapposto, italic for counterpoise).

Poseidon the god of the sea and earthquakes, horses and dolphins; brother of Zeus and Hades and Hera. Poseidon Herodotus says that his name has a Libyan origin. While Poseidon was the god of sea it is Athena who is considered in Mythology as the inventor of the ships.

From a 1939 New York poster, comparison of “Poseidon” and a Greek with a similar look, maybe a similar model inspired also the artist in antiquity.

Poseidon of Artemision

Poseidon from cape Artemision: The Geometry of a Greek Masterwork

Socrates: Then let us next take his two brothers, Poseidon and Pluto, whether the latter is called by that or by his other name.
Hermogenes: By all means.
Socrates: Poseidon is Posidesmos, the chain of the feet; the original inventor of the name had been stopped by the watery element in his walks, and not allowed to go on, and therefore he called the ruler of this element Poseidon; the e was probably inserted as an ornament. Yet, perhaps, not so; but the name may have been originally written with a double l and not with an s, meaning that the God knew many things (Polla eidos). And perhaps also he being the shaker of the earth, has been named from shaking (seiein), and then p and d have been added. Plato Cratylus

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