Catania is the second largest city of Sicily with 306,464 inhabitants, has the second highest population density on the island and is the capital of the province which bears its name.

It is located at 37° 31'N 15° 04'E on the east coast of the island, half way between Messina and Siracusa and is at the foot of the active volcano Mount Etna.

It was founded in the 8th century BC by Greek colonizers from