Sinop (also Sinope; see also List of traditional Greek place names) is a city with a population of 47,000 on the coast of the Black Sea, in the modern region of Galatia in modern-day northern Turkey, historically known as Sinope. It is the capital of Sinop Province.


It remained with the Empire of the East or the Byzantines. It was a part of the Empire of Trebizond from the sacking of Constantinople by the Fourth Crusade in 1204 until the capture of the city by the Seljuk Turks of Rüm in 1214.

In 1301, Sinop became an independent emirate following the fall of the Seljuks. See Candaroglu. It was captured by the Ottomans in 1458.

In November 1853, during the Crimean War, the Russians, under the command of admiral Nakhimov, destroyed the entire Ottoman fleet in Sinop, ending the Ottoman naval power.

Sinop , view from the harbour ()

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