Promotion of Inventions
It must have been assisted by the great discovery of the early part of the former century, the invention of coined money. To the Lydians, rather than the Greeks, belongs the credit of the discovery; but it was the genius of the latter race that divined the importance of the invention and spread its use. The coinage of the Ionian towns goes back to the reign of Gyges (c. 675 B.C.). And it is in Ionia that commercial development is earliest and greatest. In the most distant regions the Ionian is first in the field. Egypt and the Black Sea are both opened up to Greek trade by Miletus, the Adriatic and the Western Mediterranean by Phocaea and Samos. It is significant that of the twelve states engaged in the Egyptian trade in the 6th century all, with the exception of Aegina, are from the eastern side of the Aegean (Herod. ii. 178). On the western side the chief centres of trade during these centuries were the islands of Euboea and Aegina and the town of Corinth. The Aeginetan are the earliest coins of Greece proper (around 650 BC); Ancient History Sourcebook: 11th Brittanica: History of Ancient Greece
Developed from Ptolemy's Triquetrum
Although some believe that maps were produced first around 6200 BC the first reference in Western literature of a map is from Herodotus account of the interview between Aristagorous, tyrant of Miletus, and the Spartans. The first Greek assumed to have produced maps was Anaximander (c. 610-546 BC). Dikaiarch of Messina (350-290 BC) a Greek geographer introduces to the map making world the notion of latitude and longitude. Later Eratosthenes and Strabo produced the first Maps of the entire known World. Claudius Ptolemy who lived and worked in Alexandria, Egypt during the first half of the second century AD created a system of geographical knowledge (Guide to Geography c. 140 AD) that dominated the field for a millennium and a half.
He produced a world map with 26 regional maps and 67 local maps (all lost). Eight books in all.
"The Greeks of Alexandria knew that air expanded as it was heated, and Philo of Byzantium, who was alive at the time of the birth of Christ, made a 'thermoscope' that must have been very like Galileo's air thermometer. But it was Galileo who, in 1592, was the first to put a scale besie the tube. This at once converted the device into a scientific instrument and made it possible to distinguish between temperature and heat. The study of heat as a form of energy depended on this distinction." Solutions to "A Millennium of Inventions
Invented probably in Iraq, and Egypt around 1000 BC. In Greece it was greatly improved compared to the previous locks, which were simply a board drawn across a door. From Greece the lock moved into Europe.
Homer Odyssey 21:
She quickly took the looped thong from its hook,
Central heating appears to have been invented in ancient Greece, but it was the Romans who became the supreme heating engineers of the ancient world with their hypocaust system. Central heating was adopted for use again in the early 19th century when the Industrial Revolution caused an increase in the size of buildings for industry, residential use, and services." - Britannica
Inventions Painting, Sculture, Music
Comments by Ancient Greeks about Inventions
More Strange Stories about Ancient Greeks Inventions
The following history was written by Semi J. Begun who pioneered magnetic tape recording at the Brush Development Company in Cleveland, Ohio. Begun immigrated from Germany in 1938 where he had developed a steel-tape recorder for the C. Lorenz Company. In 1939, he led the research program at Brush Development that produced recording equipment for the U. S. military in World War II. This is the first chapter of the book he wrote in 1949 on magnetic recording.
Myth and folklore abound with tales of how the human voice has been captured or preserved, but the only known early attempts to realize this idea were the efforts to construct mechanical devices which would "talk." As early as the third century BC, (actually it was more likely 10-70 AD) Heron of Alexandria is said to have devised automata which would talk or emit the cries of animals. The earliest such device of which we have any actual knowledge is the one constructed by De Kempelein of Vienna, who, in 1791, published a description of it under the title "The Mechanism of Speech, Followed by a Description of a Talking Machine." De Kempelein's device could be made to speak short sentences.
Information that I have found:
Hoops were used in Egypt around 1000 BC from grape leaves and were propelled around the ground with sticks. The ancient Greeks recommended their use for losing weight. Hooping was used in the 14th century in England but the physicians blamed it for heart attacks and back dislocations. The word "hula" comes from Hawaii around 1800.
From the Technology Museum of Thessaloniki:
According to a description Archytas except his flying machine is also credited with an amazing account of a journey around the world in a hermetically sealed sphere! (How many days did he need for this? 80 days like Jules Verne?)
He wrote a book Description of the circuit of a hermetically closed sphere around the earth (Concept of the satellite???) according to the Technological Museum of Thessaloniki. More very strange stories and speculations: Did people from ancient India visit the Greeks and reported of the use of Automata and the flying machines of Archytas (the Vimanas of India)? Are the Yavanas of India Greeks? More at http://www.qtm.net/~geibdan/oldufos/vimanas.html .
An invention mentioned sometimes supposed to be from Byzantium is the PIZZA. This would be a significant contribution although Wikipedia says that PIZZA was invented together by the ancient Greeks in Italy and the Etruscans, i.e. centuries before the formation of “Byzantium” (although I could not find any reliable original sources for both stories and I can imagine that PIZZA was invented even much much earlier..).
Some of the inventions listed here were made also independently in other places and even much earlier. The catapults for example may have been known earlier in Persia, although the Greek science improved their performance significantly. The list is far from complete and I would be happy to learn more about inventions not listed or more details and suggestions. E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Canon and Plow Combination, US Patent 35600