Tyche, a drawing based on the work the Tyche of Antiochia of Eutychides of Sicyon. Copy from Hellenistic original Vatican Museum, Rome (see Image below). Source

Tyche of Antioch, Vatican Inv 2672

In Greek mythology, Tyche ("luck") (Roman equivalent: Fortuna) was the presiding tutelary deity that governed the fortune and prosperity of a city, its destiny. Increasingly during the Hellenistic period cities had their own specific iconic version of Tyche, wearing a mural crown, that is a crown like the walls of the city. In literature, she might be given various genealogies, as a daughter of Hermes and Aphrodite, or considered as one of the Oceanids, daughters of Oceanus and Tethys or Zeus (Pindar). She was connected with Nemesis and Agathos Daimon ("good spirit").

Tyche appears on many coins of the Hellenistic period in the three centuries before the Christian era, especially from cities in the Aegean.

In medieval art, she was depicted as carrying a cornucopia, an emblematic ship's rudder and the wheel of fortune, or she may stand on the wheel, presiding over the entire circle of fate.

Tyche and Ploutos

Three Tyches, Louvre Ma590

Fortune, Bernardelli

Tyche Stamp, Italy

Fortuna and a Beggar, Alexey Tarasovich Markov c 1836

Asteroid 258 Tyche

Mythology Images

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