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**Ptolemies, the Greek kings of Egypt:**

**Ptolemy (Ptolemaios) I Soter “Savior” **(Πτολεμαίος Ι Σωτήρ) (367?-283/2 BC)(323 ruler since 306/4 as king - 283/2 BC) born c. 367 BC?, married Eurydice, then Berenice I. Ptolemy Soter had the idea of the Pharos of Alexandria which was completed by Ptolemy Philadelphus. Ptolemy I asked Euclid if there is a fast method to learn geometry. Euclid's response: *There is no royal road to geometry.*

Ptolemy I Soter, Ny Carlsberg Glyptotek

Ptolemy I COINS

**Ptolemy (Ptolemaios) II Philadelphus **(Πτολεμαίος ΙΙ Φιλάδελφος) (309/8-246 BC)(285/4 - 246 BC) married Arsinoe I, then Arsinoe II Philadelphos; ruled jointly with Ptolemy the Son (267 BC-259 BC) (Pharos Lighthouse) , The Great Spectacle and Procession of Ptolemy II Philadelphus Alexandrian University and Library

Ptolemy II COINS

**Ptolemy (Ptolemaios) III Euergetes (Benefactor)** (Πτολεμαίος ΙΙΙ Ευεργέτης) (285/75-222/1 BC)(246 - 222/1 BC) married Berenice II

Ptolemy III COINS

**Ptolemy (Ptolemaios) IV Philopator, **(Πτολεμαίος ΙV Φιλοπάτωρ ) **(Egyptian name “Iwaennetjerwy-menkhwy Setepptah Userkare Sekhemankhamun”) **(244 ?- 204 BC) (222/1 - 204 BC**) **married his sister Arsinoe III, did he kill his mother and his brother or was it Sosibius? Was he killed by his wife?

Ptolemy IV COINS

**Ptolemy (Ptolemaios) V Epiphanes **(Πτολεμαίος V Επιφανής) “**Illustrious” Euharistos **(210 -180 BC)(204 -180 BC) married Cleopatra I. Related to the Rosetta stone, with the same text in Greek and Egyptian. His name marked “ "*...the ever-living, the beloved of Ptah, the god Epiphanes Eucharistos*" allowed the translation of hieroglyphs.

Ptolemy V COINS

**Ptolemy (Ptolemaios) VI Philometor **(Πτολεμαίος VΙ Φιλομήτωρ )(191 – 145 BC)(180-145 BC) married Cleopatra II

Ptolemy VI COINS

**Ptolemy (Ptolemaios) VII Neos Philopator **(Πτολεμαίος VΙΙ Νέος Φιλοπάτωρ) (never reigned)

**Ptolemy (Ptolemaios) VIII Euergetes II (Physcon) **(Πτολεμαίος VΙΙΙ Ευεργέτης ΙΙ) (184/83 – 116 BC) (170 -163 BC, 145 -116 BC) married Cleopatra II then Cleopatra III (Kokke)

Ptolemy VIII COINS

**Cleopatra II Philometora Soteira, **(Κλεοπάτρα ΙΙ )(132 BC-124 BC) in opposition to Ptolemy VIII

**Ptolemy IX Philometor Soter II (Lathyros) **(Πτολεμαίος ΙΧ Σωτήρ ΙΙ )(143/2 -81 BC) (116 -107 BC, 88 - 80 BC) married Cleopatra IV then Cleopatra Selene; ruled jointly with Cleopatra III in his first reign

Ptolemy IX COINS

**Ptolemy (Ptolemaios) X Alexander I **(Πτολεμαίος Χ Αλέξανδρος Ι )(107 BC-88 BC) married Cleopatra Selene then Berenice III; ruled jointly with Cleopatra III till 101 BC

Ptolemy X COINS

**Berenice III Philopator** (Βερενίκη III Φιλοπάτωρ**)**(81 BC-80 BC) killed by Ptolemy XI , Info

**Ptolemy (Ptolemaios) XI Alexander II **(Πτολεμαίος ΧΙ Αλέξανδρος ΙΙ ) (80 BC) married and ruled jointly with Berenice III then alone for 18/19 days , killed by the Alexandrian mob for killing Berenice III

**Ptolemy (Ptolemaios) XII Neos Dionysos (Auletes) **(Πτολεμαίος ΧΙΙ Νέος Διόνυσος ) (117-51 BC) **and Cleopatra V Tryphaena **

Ptolemy XII COINS

**Cleopatra V Tryphaena **(58 BC-57 BC) ruled jointly with Berenice IV Epiphaneia (58 -55 BC)

**Cleopatra VII Thea Neotera **(70/69-30 BC)(51 -12 August 30 BC) ruled jointly with Ptolemy XIII (62/1- 47 BC)(51 BC-47 BC)

**Arsinoe IV **(48 BC-47 BC) in opposition to Cleopatra VII

**Ptolemy (Ptolemaios) XIV Philopator Philadelphus **(Πτολεμαίος ΧΙV ) (47 - 44 BC) jointly with Cleopatra VII then

**Ptolemy (Ptolemaios) XV Caesarion **(Πτολεμαίος ΧV Καίσαρ )(44 -30 BC) jointly with Cleopatra VII.

History of Greek and Roman Egypt

**The Ptolemaic Dynasty **

PTOLEMAIC KINGDOM - COINS

More Ptolemaic Portraits (without identification)

**Pyrrhus of Epirus (318/9?-272 BC) **Aeacid Family Tree