Another Image (Krimigis with Bruce Murray)
Stamatios (Tom) M. Krimigis (Σταμάτιος Μ. Κριμιζής) (born in Vrontado/Chios, Greece), a student of J. A. Van Allen ( J. A. Van Allen and S. M. Krimigis, Impulsive Emission of >40 keV electrons from the sun, J. Geophys. Res., 70, 5737-5751, 1966, first use of a solid detector in space). Discovery of alpha particles (Helium) in the radiation belts (S. M. Krimigis and Van Allen, Geomagnetically trapped alpha particles, J. Geophys. Res., 72, 5779-5797, 1967).
Krimigis is Head of the Space Department of The Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory (JHU/APL). In this position, he directs the activities of about 500 scientists, engineers, and other technical and supporting staff. The Space Department's principal areas of work include the design, construction, test, and launch into space of entire satellites, and of scientific instruments that perform measurements on a large variety of earth-orbiting and interplanetary missions. The Department conducts forefront research in all areas of space science, ranging from the Earth's oceans and atmosphere to the sun, the interplanetary medium, the planets, comets, asteroids and other objects. The Department has combined excellence in space engineering together with in-depth science capability in performing some 58 satellite missions and well over 150 instruments since 1959 with sponsorship by NASA, BMDO, Navy, DNA, Air Force, and other government agencies. Dr. Krimigis was educated at the University of Minnesota (B. Phys., 1961) and the University of Iowa (M.S., 1963; Ph.D., 1965, both in physics). He served on the faculty of the Physics and Astronomy Dept. at Iowa before joining APL in 1968. He headed the Space Physics and Instrumentation Group, became Chief Scientist in 1980, and Head of the Space Department in 1991.
Dr. Krimigis' research interests include the earth's environment, its magnetosphere, the sun, the interplanetary medium, and the magnetospheres of the planets and other astrophysical objects. He has been Principal Investigator or Co-Investigator on several NASA spacecraft, including the Low Energy Charged Particle (LECP) Experiment on Voyagers 1 and 2, and the Active Magnetospheric Particle Tracer Explores (AMPTE), a collaborative U.S.-German-U.K. program that created the first man-made comet in space on December 27, 1984. Together with five other scientists, he was invited to the White House for lunch to brief President Reagan on both of these projects on March 26, 1986. He was one of the group of American intellectuals from World of Arts, Sciences, and Politics invited to meet with President Gorbachev during his first visit to Washington, D.C. in December, 1987. He also participated in a briefing of President Bush in the Oval Office on July 7, 1990, following the successful Voyager encounter with Neptune. He is currently a Principal Investigator for the 1997 Cassini mission to Saturn and Titan, and a Co-Investigator on the Galileo, Ulysses, ACE and MESSENGER missions. He spearheaded the establishment of NASA's Discovery program for low-cost planetary missions.
The first such mission was developed at APL, launched in 1996, orbited asteroid Eros for a year, and landed on February 12, 2001. Together with two other colleagues, he was recognized for "Laurels" in Space for the NEAR achievement by the Aviation Week & Space Technology magazine in 1997. The APL Space Department also built the Department of Defense Midcourse Space Experiment (MSX) spacecraft launched in April 1996 that, in addition to national missile defense objectives has provided, through hyperspectral instrumentation, the most comprehensive measurements of the earth's atmospheric environment ever, including measurements of ozone, carbon dioxide, methane, chlorofluorocarbons, etc.
Dr. Krimigis has published more than 330 papers in journals and books; has been awarded the NASA Medal for Exceptional Scientific Achievement in 1981 and again in 1986, some twenty NASA Group Achievement Awards for Voyager, AMPTE, Galileo, Ulysses, Cassini, and ACE, has been a member of the National Academy of Sciences' Space Science Board, Chairman of the Board's Committee on Solar and Space Physics, a member of NASA's Space Science and Applications Advisory Committee, a Fellow of the American Geophysical Union and the American Physical Society, member of the International Academy of Astronautics, corresponding member of the Athens Academy, an Associate Fellow of the American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics, and a member of the American Association for the Advancement of Science. He received the International Academy of Astronautics Basic Sciences Award and the AHEPA Academy Prize, both in 1994. He has participated as member or Chairman in many national and the international conferences in space science and space systems management, has delivered more than 1,000 talks on these topics, and has lectured in several countries, including Australia, Canada, China, Israel, Japan, and all of Europe. The International Astronautical Union in 1999 named asteroid "8323 Krimigis", (previously 1979 UH) in his honor. The President of the Hellenic Republic has awarded him the Gold Cross "Commandeur de l' Ordre du Phoénix" in 1977. Also, the American Hellenic Institute has honored Dr. Krimigis with its "Hellenic Heritage Achievement Award" in Washington in 1998.
Dr. Krimigis has often testified before Congressional Committees on issues of Space Science and Technology and has been a member or Chairman of many advisory committees for the U.S. Government. He is often quoted in national and international media on space science and technology issues, most recently on the NEAR project. His work on Voyager has been featured as front-page news in the New York Times--three times in the past few years. He is listed in Who's Who in America, Who's Who in the World, Who's Who in Frontiers of Science and Technology, Who's Who in Technology Today, Personalities of America, American Men and Women of Science, Men of Achievement, International Who's Who of Contemporary Achievement, and Dictionary of International Biography.
Asteroid 8323 Krimigis honors the work of Tom Krimigis