Nikolay Gennadiyevich Basov (Russian:Николай Геннадиевич Басов) (December 14, 1922 July 1, 2001) was a Soviet/Russian physicist and educator. He was born in the town Usman, now in Lipetsk Oblast. For his fundamental work in the field of quantum electronics that lead to the development of laser and maser, Basov shared the 1964 Nobel Prize in Physics with Aleksandr Prokhorov and Charles Hard Townes.
He finished school in 1941 in Voronesh. Then after that he was called up for the military service, the Kuibyshev Military Medical Academy. In 1943 he left Academy and served in the Army. He took part in the Second World War (the First Ukraine Front).
Basov graduated from (1950), and then held a professor position in the Moscow Engineering Physics Institute, worked in the Lebedev Physical Institute, where he defended a dissertation for the Candidates of Sciences degree (it is equivalent to PhD) in 1953 and a dissertation for the Doctor of Sciences degree in 1956. Later he became the Director of the Institute (in 1973-1988). In 1962 he becomes the Corresponding member of the USSR Academy of Sciences (Full Member since 1966). In 1967 he was elected a Member of the Presidium of the Academy (19671990), since 1990 he was the councillor of the Presidium of the USSR Academy of Sciences (Russian Academy of Sciences since 1991). He was the head of the laboratory of quantum radiophysics at the Institute at the time of his death.
Awards and Honors
- Lenin Prize (1959)
- Nobel Prize in Physics (1964)
- Two times the Hero of Socialist Labor (1969, 1982)
- USSR State Prize (1989)
- Five Orders of Lenin
N. G. Basov, K. A. Brueckner (Editor-in-Chief), S. W. Haan, C. Yamanaka. Inertial Confinement Fusion, 1992, ISBN 0-88318-925-9. Resaarch Trends in Physics Series founded by V. Alexander Stefan and published by the American Institute of Physics Press (presently * Springer, New York)
V. Stefan and N. G. Basov (Editors). Semiconductor Science and Technology, Volume 2: Quantum Dots and Quantum Wells. (Stefan University Press Series on Frontiers in Science and Technology) (Paperback).1999. ISBN: 1-889545-12-0
V. Stefan and N. G. Basov (Editors). Semiconductor Science and Technology, Volume 1. Semiconductor Lasers. (Stefan University Press Series on Frontiers in Science and Technology) (Paperback).1999. ISBN: 1-889545-11-2
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