Physicist / Astronomer Stamps


  • Kamel as Sabbah Hassan (1894-1935)

Lebanese physicist, mathematician, scientist - Lebanon C623


    1978 Nobel Physics prize for his basic inventions and discoveries in the area of low-temperature physics. Kapitsa Russian physicist - Born June 26, 1894 in Kronstadt, Russia. His work on blast furnaces changed Soviet industry. He was in state detention from 1934. He died April 8, 1984 in Moscow, USSR – Stamps from Saint Vincent and the Grenadines STV1995J02.6

Born: 11 May 1881 in Budapest, Hungary
Died: 6 May 1963 in Aachen, Germany

Karman founded the U.S. Institute of Aeronautical Sciences. His contributed on fluid mechanics, turbulence theory and supersonic flight. He studied applications of mathematics to engineering, aircraft structures and soil erosion. Stamps from Central Africa 761, 1060a; United States USA1992H31. Biography

    1955 Nobel Physics prize for the discovery and development of optical methods for studying Hertzian resonances in atoms

  • Keldysh Mstislav V. (1911-1978) Russia


    1963 Nobel Physics prize for pioneering investigations concerning deep inelastic scattering of electrons on protons and bound neutrons, which have been of essential importance for the development of the quark model in particle physics

    Kepler, a German mathematician, is best known for his three laws of planetary motion, derived empirically from Tycho Brahe's data and observations, which describe the solar system having the sun at the focus of elliptic planetary orbits. In his writings on conic sections he introduced the word "focus" into mathematical language. In 1609, while Galileo was making his first "astounding discoveries", Kepler published The New Astronomy and described the laws that appeared to govern the movements of the planets: They revolve around the Sun in elliptical, not circular orbits; their speed of revolution varied so that they passed through equal degrees of arc in equal periods of time; and the time that they took to complete their journey around the sun was proportional to the cube of their average distance from the sun.

  • Kelvin Lord (Thomson William)

Born: 26 June 1824 in Belfast, Ireland
Died: 17 Dec 1907 in Netherhall (near Largs), Ayrshire, Scotland


    2000 Nobel Physics prize for basic work on information and communication technology "for his part in the invention of the integrated circuit

  • Kircher Athanasius (1601 or 1602-1680)

Athanasius Kircher was born on May 2, 1602 or 1601 in Geisa, Thuringia Germany. From his birthplace he was accustomed to add the Latin epithet Bucho, or Buchonius, to his name, although later he preferred calling himself Fuldensis after Fulda, the capital of his native country. The name Athanasius was given him in honour of the saint on whose feast he was born. Athanasius Kircher was the youngest of six sons (there were also 3 daughters) of Johannes Kircher of Mainz. As soon as he had obtained the doctor's degree of Theology, he went to the Benedictine house at Seligenstadt. Afterwards, Johannes Kircher was called by the Prince-Abbot Balthasar of Fulda, who named him councillor and named him baliff (Amtman) of Haselstein, one of the "Aemter" of Fulda. The abbot was expelled due to political upheaval, and Kircher also lost his position. Thereafter he moved with his family to Geisa a.d. Ulster, where he dedicated himself to scholarship and raising his children. He declined all subsequent offers for political positions. All six sons entered religious orders because the family was too poor to educate them otherwise. In 1614-1618 Athanasius Kircher learned Greek and Hebrew at the Jesuit Gymnasium in Fulda. He entered the Jesuit order at Paderborn on 2 October, 1618. In 1618-1622 he studied humanities, natural science, and mathematics at Paderborn. After the college was closed due to military pressure, he finished his education in philosophy at Cologne. In 1623 Athanasius Kircher took up humanities and languages and taught Greek at Koblenz. In 1624 he studied languages and "physical curiosities" at Heiligenstadt. In 1625-1628 Athanasius Kircher studied theology at Mainz. While still a student, he taught to support himself. At Koblenz (1623), he taught Greek, at Heiligenstadt (1624), he taught grammar, and at Mainz, he taught Greek and conducted the choir.

Magnes sive de arte magnetica opus tripartitum" by Athanasius Kircher in 1641 contains all that was known in his day on the subject of electricity and magnetism. Kircher's Magnes is filled with curiosities, both profound and frivolous. The work does not deal solely with what modern physicists call magnetism. Kircher discusses, for example, the magnetism of the earth and heavenly bodies; the tides; the attraction and repulsion in animals and plants; and the magnetic attraction of music and love. He also explains the practical applications of magnetism in medicine, hydraulics, and even in the construction of scientific instruments and toys. In the epilogue Kircher moves from the practical to the metaphysical (and Aristotelian) when he discusses the nature and position of God: the central magnet of the universe. This work contains the first use of the term "electro-magnetism", (page 640). This work, like others of Kircher's printed works, became very popular. The Magnes had a powerful influence upon Otto von Guericke, while Jungius, Leibniz and others quoted from Kircher's works. While William Gilbert's De magnete (1600), the first thoroughly modern treatment of magnetism, influenced Kircher considerably, Kircher adapts Gilbert's theories of magnetism and Kepler's work in astronomy, but does not hesitate to refute either.

    1985 Nobel Physics prize for the discovery of the quantized Hall effect

  • Kovalevskaya Russia

  • Koshiba Masatoshi (1926-) Japan

    2002 Nobel Physics for pioneering contributions to astrophysics, which have led to the discovery of cosmic X-ray sources

  • Kroemer Herbert (1928-) Germany

    2000 Nobel Physics prize for basic work on information and communication technology for developing semiconductor heterostructures used in high-speed- and optoelectronics

  • Kuo Shou Chin (1251-1316)

Chinese astronomer, author - Chinese People's Republic 645

Russian atomic physicist, author, journalist. Born January 12, 1903, Sim, Chelyabinsk, Russia, died February 7, 1960, Moscow. - Stamp USSR 2711; 4804

1955 Nobel Physics prize for his discoveries concerning the fine structure of the hydrogen spectrum. American physicist and educator. He was born January 26, 1911 in Blankenburg, Germany and shared the Nobel Prize with Willis E. Lamb, Jr. - Saint Vincent and the Grenadines STV1995J02.31

  • Kuyper Gerhard

Astronomer - Nicaragua Stamp NIC1994

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