Ellinikí Radiofonía Tileórasi (Ελληνική Ραδιοφωνία Τηλεόραση Hellenic Radio [and] Television) is Greece's state-owned public radio and television broadcasting corporation and member of EBU.
ERT began broadcasting in 1938, initially only radio services from Athens. Back then, the company was known as the EIR (Hellenic Radio Foundation). In the years of World War II, broadcasting stopped during the Nazi occupation of Greece. After World War II, broadcasting resumed and the radio services were expanded to three national radio services as well as international radio services for emmigrant Greeks.
Test television broadcasts began in 1965 and full TV service began in 1966. In 1970 the company was renamed to EIRT (Hellenic Radio and Televison Foundation) Back then, there were two TV services, ERT and a second one (ΥΕΝΝΕΔ/YENNED) that was operated and controled by the Greek Army. It was used as a propaganda medium by the military movernment of Greece until its fall in 1974. Quite remarkably, the station retained its name and military orientation until the early 1980s, when it was renamed to ERT2. On September 1, 1987 a third station was added (ERT3), based in Thessaloniki, with progammes focused on Northern Greece issues and affairs. During the first 20 years of TV services in Greece, ERT was broadcasting only limited hours of the day, starting programmes around 5pm until midnight to 2am. Today, the 3 channels of ERT are known as ET1, NET and ET3, after another renaming and reshuffle of programme content in 1997, and are broadcasting around the clock every day. ET1 is an entertainment channel while NET is focused on news services. ET3 is still focused on Northern Greece issues, although it broadcasts nationwide. ERT was a major national sponsor, and the official broadcaster, of the 2004 Olympic Games of Athens, ERT's homeland. It has been broadcasting the Olympic games in Greece since 1968 from Mexico City. It also broadcasts IAAF games while it is shown on privately owned channels mainly in America (USA). Today it broadcasts documentaries, some from the private sector, and a few animated shows. With the introduction of independent privately owned channels in Greece in the late 1980s, programme quality changed to a more commercial variety, in order to survive the fierce competition for ratings. This was a major shift in the network's principles that was dominated by a wider variety, higher quality programme that included documentaries and World Cinema. Its present logos is around 15 dots lined up to make 60 of them with ET1 at the right, slightly equivalent the original ET1 logo used from 1980s-1992 to the new logo The #1 is smaller than ET. The logo was introduced in autumn 2003. NET still retains their 1999 logo with a bolded N colored with blue, The ET3 logo has 3 colored in gold into a blue square. And the ERT Sat logo colors with 3 blue squares almost shaped with the TV, and Sat is handwritten. The ET3 logo's golden color stayed the same, began when ET3 was launched. Radio services are now operated by ERA (Hellenic Radio) that broke apart from ERT in 1988.
1938 - The Hellenic Radio Institute, a predecessor of ERT, began broadcasting in the Greek language using radio.
1965 - Experimental TV broadcasts began.
1966 - Full TV service began. It was the only national channel for Greece until the late 20th century. The first sports and soccer broadcast "World Cup 1966".
1968 - The first Olympic games began to broadcast from Mexico City.
1974 May - ERT broadcasts the Eurovision Song Contest
1979 - The first colour broadcast using the French system SECAM.
1980s - ERT starts using a logo. The letters E, R, and T were dotted.
Late 20th century - ERT began launching Elliniki Teleorassi 2 (ET2), another channel launched and ET3 in Salonika.
Late 1980s: ERT's next logo, blue shaded, with a larger E and 1 and 1 is at the bottom and almost connected with E and 1, E and 2, and E and 3. ET3 logo was different. The #3 became golden.
1993: ET2's logo was simply referred to just being (ET)2. The channel 2 was lined with 3 stripes. ERT removed the logo and replaced the ET beside the 2 again, while the equivalent logo once used by ET2 is presently used in some television stations and on Channel 2 Israel (Channel 2-IL) to this day.
Mid-1990s: The logo was colored with a number on top. Orange for ET1, Red for ET2, and pink on ET3.
Mid-1990s: Switch of all ET stations to PAL colour system.
Late 1990s and early 2000s' - ERT began launching a satellite channel, ERT Sat began broadcasting programs from Greece to other satellite systems all over Earth.
2000 ET2 changes its name to NET, "Nea Elleniki Teleorassi/Elliniki Teleorassi" The logo was also changed to blue and is in use to this day. ET1 and ET3 are the only channels that are numbered in order, left. ET1 logo is boxed red with 1 in the middle.
www.ert.gr (some prefer www.ert.org.gr) was launched.
2001 February: ERT Sat launched on Dish Network on channel 603.
2004 August: ERT was a Grand Sponsor of the Athens 2004 Olympic Games
2006 May: ERT with host the Eurovision Song Contest for the first time, thanks to Elena Paparizou winning it the year before.
Under the name of ERA, ERT broadcasts six national radio services. The first one, ERA NET, is primarily a news-oriented station. ERA2 is primarily a music station, while ERA3 is more of a classical music/arts & culture station. KOSMOS is primarily a world music station. ERA Spor (ERA4) is a sports-oriented station. Finally, FILIA is a multilingual station, broadcasting mostly in Athens and Corinth and aimed mostly at immigrants. For a regional audience, ERT also has 19 regional stations.
ERT also broadcasts the Voice of Greece (ERA 5) for an international audience, using shortwave, as well as, under the name of the ERA International Network, allowing Voice of Greece and some ERA domestic programmes to be rebroadcasted on AM and FM stations throughout the globe. In addition, the ERT regional station at Macedonia can also be heard on shortwave.
Today there are 3 channels from Greece, 2 are in Aghia Paraskevi- ET1 & NET, the main ERT headquarters. Its size is by 600 m and 600 m. There is a large television facility northeast of Athens at Mesogeiou Avenue. The third channel, ET3, broadcasts fromThessaloniki and is a regional channel that caters to Northern Greece.
ERT also broadcasts an international channel, ERT World, which is only available around the world either FTA or as a subscription service (North America).
For a list of programs, see List of programs broadcast by ERT