Zoilos II

A Coin of king Zoilos II (55–35 BC).

Obv: Bust of Zoilos II with Greek legend BASILEOS SOTEROS ZOILOS "King Zoilos the Saviour".

Rev: Athena advancing left, with thunderbolt and shield covered with aegis (type of Menander I). To the left, a trident battleaxe. Kharosthi legend: MAHARAJASA TRATARASA JHOILASA "King Zoilos the Saviour".

Zoilos II "The Saviour" (reigned c. 55–35 BC) was an Indo-Greek king who ruled for a short time in eastern Punjab in what is today northern Pakistan. He may have been a successor or a sub-king of Menander II, although their relationship is unclear.

Many of the mint marks (monograms) on the coins of Zoilos II are in Kharoshti, indicating that they were probably made by an Indian moneyer. This is a characteristic of several of the Indo-Greek kings of the eastern Punjab, such as Strato I, Apollodotus II, and sometimes Apollophanes and Dionysios. Furthermore, the monogram is often identical on their coins, indicating that the moneyer, or the place of mint, were the same.

  • Indo-Scythians

Coin types of Zoilos II

Zoilos II with Athena.

Apollo holding arrow, with small elephant on the left. Tripod on reverse.

Elephant and tripod.

Zoilos II has three main types of coins: "King in profile, with Athena and trident", "Apollo, with tripod and small elephant", "Elephant and tripod".


The coins of Zoilos II combine Greek monograms with Kharoshthi ones, indicating that some of the celators may have been native Indians. The Kharoshthi monograms are the letters for: sti, ji, ra, ga, gri, ha, stri, ri, bu, a, di, stra, and śi. The "Apollo and tripod" and "Elephant and tripod" types only have Kharoshthi monograms, while the portrait types usually have combinations of Greek and Kharoshthi monograms.


The coins of Zoilos II have been found in the Satlej and Sialkot II hoards, and in Punjab hoards east in the Jhelum (Bopearachchi, p138).

Preceded by: Dionysios

Indo-Greek Ruler (Eastern Punjab) (55 - 35 BC)

Succeeded by: Apollophanes


  • "The Greeks in Bactria and India", W.W. Tarn, Cambridge University Press.
  • "Coins of the Indo-Greeks", Whitehead.

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