Eupatoria (Kerkinitida)

Eupatoria (Russian: Евпатория, Ukrainian: Євпаторія, Tatar: Kezlev), also known as Yevpatoria or Evpatoria, as pronounced in Russian and Ukrainian, is a town in the Crimea. The original settlement, called Kerkinitida, was built by Greek colonists around 500 BC. Along with the rest of the Crimea, Eupatoria was part of the dominions of Mithridates VI, King of Pontus, from whose nickname, "Eupator", the city's modern name derives.

From roughly the 7th through the 10th centuriesAD Eupatoria was a Khazar settlement; it's name in Turkic is "Gusliev" or "Beautiful Settlement" (in modern Turkish, "Kezlev" or "Gözleve"; Russified as "Koslov"). It was later subject to the Cumans (Kipchaks), the Mongols and the Crimean Khanate, and became part of the Ottoman Empire in 1478. In 1783 Eupatoria was captured by the Russian Empire. It was briefly occupied in 1854 by British, French and Turkish troops during the Crimean War.

Today Eupatoria is a major Ukrainian Black Sea port, a rail hub, and resort town. The main industries include fishing, food processing, wine making, limestone quarrying, weaving, and the manufacture of building materials, machinery, furniture manufacturing and tourism.

The 400 years old Cuma Cami mosque is one of the many popularly attributed to the Ottoman architect Sinan.

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