Rithymna, Crete

Rhithymna or Rithymna (Greek: Ῥίθυμνα) or Rhithymnia (Greek: Ῥιθυμνία), was an ancient town of Crete, Greece, which is mentioned by Ptolemy (iii. 17. § 7) and Pliny the Elder (iv. 20) as the first town on the north coast to the east of Amphimalla, and is spoken of as a Cretan city by Stephanus of Byzantium, in whose text its name is written Rhithymnia; Stephanus gives the city's ethnonyms as Ῥιθυμνιάτης and Ῥιθύμνιος). It is also alluded to by Lycophron (76). The modern Rethymno retains the name of the ancient city upon the site of which it stands. Rhithymna minted coins in antiquity; maritime emblems are found on them. Eckhel, Numi Vet. Anecdoti, p. 155; Rasche, vol. iv. pt. i. p. 1024; Pashley, Crete, vol. i. p. 101.)


  • This article incorporates text from the public domain Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography by William Smith (1857).
  • Richard Talbert, Barrington Atlas of the Greek and Roman World, (ISBN 069103169X), p. 60.

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