-ology

A

Acarology, the study of ticks and mites

Actinobiology, the study of the effects of radiation upon living organisms

Actinology, the study of the effect of light on chemicals

Agrology, the art and science of agriculture (Canada)

Agrology, the study of soils (not Canada)

Aerology, the study of the free atmosphere

Aeropalynology, the study of pollen grains and spores (palynomorphs) in the atmosphere

Aetiology, the medical study of the causation of disease

Agnoiology, the study of things of which we are by nature ignorant, or of things which cannot be known

Agrobiology, the study of plant nutrition and growth in relation to soil conditions

Algology, the study of algae

Allergology, the study of the causes and treatment of allergies; a branch of medicine

Andrology, the study of male health and disease

Anesthesiology, the study of anesthesia and anesthetics; a branch of medicine

Angelology, the study of angels

Angiology, the study of the anatomy of blood and lymph vascular systems

Anthropology, the study of humans

Apiology, the study of bees (apiaries)

Arachnology, the study of spiders and their kin

Archaeology, the study of ancient history

Archaeozoology, the study of relationships between humans and animals over time through examination of animal remains at archaeological sites (also see Zooarchaeology)

Areology, the study of Mars

Assyriology, the study of the Assyrians

Astrobiology, the study of origin of life

Astrogeology, the study of geology of celestial bodies (e.g., planets, asteroids, comets)

Astrology, the study of purported influences of stars on human affairs

Audiology, the study of hearing; a branch of medicine

Autecology, the study of the ecology of any individual species

Axiology, the study of the nature of values and value judgements

B

Bacteriology, the study of bacteria

Balneology, the scientific study of baths, bathing and of their application to disease

Bioclimatology, the study of the effects of climate on living organisms

Bioecology, the study of the relationship of organisms to each other and to their environment

Biology, the study of life

Biometeorology, the study of the effects of atmospheric conditions on living organisms

Bryology, the study of bryophytes

Byzantology, the study of Byzantium

C

Campanology, the study and the art of bell ringing

Cardiology, the study of the heart

Carpology, the study of the structure of seeds and fruit

Cerealogy, the study of crop circles

Cetology, the study of cetaceans - whales, dolphins, and porpoise

Chelonology, the study of turtles

Chorology, the study of the relationship of biological or other phenomena to their locations

Chronology the study of things in order of time or the study of time

Climatology, the study of the climate

Coleopterology, the study of beetles

Conchology, the study of shells and of molluscs

Cosmology, the study of the cosmos or our place in it.

Craniology, the study of the characteristics of the skull

Criminology, the scientific study of crime.

Cryology, the study of very low temperatures and related phenomena.

Cryptology, the study of how to encrypt and decrypt secret messages

Cryptozoology, the study of animals that may or may not be mythical

Cynology, the study of dogs

Cytology, the study of cells

D

Deltiology, the study of, but more often the collecting of picture postcards

Demonology, the study of demons

Dendrochronology, the study of the age of trees and the records in their rings

Dendrology, the study of trees

Dermatology, the field of medicine that deals with the skin

Dialectology, the study of dialects

Doxology, the speech of Praise

E

Ecclesiology, the study of Church architecture and decoration, or separately the study of the Christian Church

Ecology, the study of the interrelationships between living organisms and their environment

Ecophysiology, the study of the interrelationship between an organism's physical functioning and its environment

Egyptology, the study of the ancient Egyptians

Electrophysiology, the study of the relationship between electric phenomena and bodily processes

Embryology, the study of embryos

Emetology, the study or knowledge of emetics

Endocrinology, the study of internal secretory glands

Enigmatology, the study of puzzles

Enology (or Oenology), the study of wine and winemaking

Entomology, the study of insects

Enzymology, the study of enzymes

Epidemiology, the study of epidemics

Epistemology, the study of the nature and origins of knowledge

Eschatology, a branch of theology concerned with the final events in the history of the world or of mankind

Ethnology, the study of race

Ethnomusicology, the study of music in society, usually non-western music

Ethology, the study of animal behaviour

Etiology, same as Aetiology

Etymology, the study of word origins

Evolutionary biology, the study of the process of biological evolution

Exobiology, the study of life in outer space

F

Formicology, the study of ants

G

Gastrology or Gastroenterology - diseases of stomach and intestines

Gemmology or Gemology, the study of gemstones and ornamental materials

Genealogy (commonly misspelt and mispronounced as "geneology"), the study of relationships within families particularly with a view to constructing family trees

Genecology, the study of genetic differences in relation to the environment

Geochronology, the study of the age of the Earth

Geology, the study of the Earth

Geomorphology, the study of present-day landforms, traditionally on Earth but with increasing frequency on nearby planetary objects

Gerontology, the study of old age

Glaciology, the study of glaciers

Grammatology, the study of writing systems. Also the study of deconstructive literary criticism, popularized in the 1960s by Jacques Derrida

Graphology, the study of handwriting for the purpose of analysing the character of the writer

Gynaecology or Gynecology, the study of medicine relating to women, or of women in general

H

Hematology/Haematology, the study of blood

Heliology, the study of the Sun

Helioseismology, the study of vibrations and oscillations in the Sun

Helminthology, the study of parasitic worms

Hepatology, the study of the liver; a branch of medicine

Herbology, the study of the therapeutic use of plants

Herpetology, the study of reptiles and amphibians

Histology, the study of living tissues

Histopathology, the study of the (microscopic) structure of diseased tissues

Historiology, the study of the writings and practices of historians

Horology, the study of making timepieces, measuring time and timekeeping

Hydrogeology, the study of underground water

Hydrology, the study of water

Hypnology, the study of sleep

I

Ichthyology, the study of fish

Ichnology, the study of fossil footprints, tracks and burrows

Immunology, the study of the immune system

Ikillology, the study of one's own desire to kill and mutiliate others

J

Japanology, the study of Japanese culture

K

Karyology, the study of karyotypes (a branch of cytology)

Killology, the study of human beings killing other human beings (Grossman's Theory)

Kinesiology, the study of movement in relation to human anatomy; a branch of medicine

Koreanology, the study of Korea

Kremlinology, the study of communist Soviet Union

Kymatology, the study of waves or wave motions

L

Laryngology, the study of the larynx, or voice box; a branch of medicine

Lepidopterology, the study of butterflies and moths

Lexicology, the study of the signification and application of words

Limnology, the study of fresh water environments, particularly lakes

Lithology, the study of rocks

Lymphology, the study of the lymph system and glands

M

Malacology, the study of mollusks

Mammalogy, the study of mammals

Meteorology, the study of weather

Methodology, (properly) the study of methods

Metrology, the study of measurement

Microbiology, the study of microorganisms and their effects on humans

Mineralogy, the study of minerals

Morphology, the study of forms; more precisely the study of the grammatical structure of words, a branch of linguistics

Musicology, the study of music

Mycology, the study of fungi

Myology the scientific study of muscles

Myrmecology, the study of ants

Mythology, the study of myths

N

Nanotechnology, the study and design of machines at the molecular level

Neonatology, the study of diseases and the care of newborn infants; a branch of pediatrics/paediatrics

Nephology, the study of clouds

Nephrology, the study of the kidneys and their diseases, a branch of medicine

Neurology, the study of nerves

Neuropathology, the study of neural diseases

Neurophysiology, the study of the functions of the nervous system

Nosology, the study of diseases

Nostology, the study of ageing and senility, in relation to a return to childish characteristics in old age

Numerology, the study of numbers (often in a non-mathematical sense)

Numismatology, an old word for numismatics

O

Oceanology, the study of oceans

Odonatology, the study of dragonflies and damselflies

Odontology, the study of the structure, development, and abnormalities of the teeth

Omphalology, facetious name for the non-existent medical specialty that treats of navels, which has been used in a manner similar to the way the word widget is used in economics textbooks

Oncology, the study of cancer

Ontology, the study of existence

Oology, the study of eggs

Ophthalmology, the study of the eyes

Organology, the study of musical instruments (not just organs); alternatively, the study of anatomical organs

Ornithology, the study of birds

Orthopterology, the study of grasshoppers and crickets

Orology, the study of mountains and their mapping

Osteology, the study of bones

Otolaryngology, the study of the ear and throat; a branch of medicine

Otology, the study of the structure, function, and pathology of the ear

Otorhinolaryngology, the study of the ear, nose, and throat; a branch of medicine

P

Paleontology, the study of ancient creatures

Paleoanthropology, the study of ancient humans and human origin

Paleoclimatology, the study of climate prior to the widespread availability of records of temperature, precipitation, and other instrumental data

Paleoecology, the study of past environments using the fossils of plants and animals

Palynology, the study of pollen

Parapsychology, the study of paranormal or psychic phenomenon that defy conventional scientific explanations

Parasitology, the study of parasites

Pathology, the study of illness

Pedology, the study of soil

Pekingology, the study of communist People's Republic of China

Penology, the study of prison management and criminal rehabilitation.

Petrology, the study of rocks

Pharmacology, the study of drugs

Phenomenology, the study and science of phenomena as distinct from the science of actual existence or being; also a movement founded by Husserl which studies conscious experience without its metaphysical concerns

Phonology, the study of vocal sounds

Phrenology, the derivation of a persons character traits, by studying the shape of their skull

Physiology, the study of bodies, usually of animals

Phytology, the study of plants; botany

Planetology, the study of planets and solar systems

Planktology, the study of plankton

Pneumology, a synonym of Pulmonology

Primatology, the study of primates

Psychobiology, the study and psychology of organisms with regard to their functions and structures

Psychology, the study of mental processes in humans

Psychopharmacology, the study of psychotropic or psychiatric drugs

Psychophysiology, the study of the physiological bases of psychological processes

Pulicology, the study of fleas

Pulmonology is the specialty in medicine that deals with diseases of the lungs and the respiratory tract.

Pyrology, the study of fire


R

Radiology, the study of rays, usually ionising radiation

Reflexology, originally the study of reflexes or of reflex responses; but see also non-study list

Rheology, the study of flow

Rheumatology, the study of rheumatic diseases, a branch of medicine

Rhinology, the study of the nose and its diseases

S

Scatology, the study of feces

Seismology, the study of earthquakes

Selenology, the study of the moon

Semiology the study of signs

Serology, the study of blood serum

Sexology, the study of sex

Sinology, the study of China

Sociology, the study of society

Sociobiology, the study of the effect of evolution on ethology

Soteriology is the study of the doctrine of salvation, especially as related to Christianity

Sovietology, the study of communist Soviet Union

Speleology, the study or exploration of caves

Splanchnology, the study of the viscera.

Stomatology, the study of the mouth and its diseases

Symbology, the study and interpretation of symbols, or a set of symbols. Also used for types of barcodes

Symptomatology, the study of symptoms

Synecology, the study of the ecological interrelationships among communities of organisms

T

Technology, the study of the practical arts (but see above)

Teleology, the study of ends or final causes

Teratology, the study of wonders, or monsters

Thanatology, the study of physical, psychological and social problems associated with dying.

Theriology, the study of mammals

Theology, the study of God

Thremmatology, the study of breeding domestic plants and animals

Tocology, the study of childbirth

Topology, the mathematical study of closeness and connectedness

Toxicology, the study of poisons

Traumatology, the study of wounds and injuries caused by accidents or assaults and their surgical treatment and repair; a branch of medicine

Tribology, the study of friction and lubrication

Typology, the study of classification

U

Urology, the study and treatment of diseases of the urogenital tract, a branch of medicine

V

Vaccinology, the study of vaccines

Venereology, the study of venereal diseases

Vexillology, the study of flags

Victimology, the study of victims of crime, often applied to characterizing the criminal

Virology, the study of viruses

Volcanology (also spelled vulcanology), the study of volcanoes and related phenomena (traps)

X

Xenobiology, the study of non-terrestrial life

Xylology, the study of wood

Z

Zooarchaeology, the study and analysis of animal remains at archaeological sites to reconstruct relationships between people, animals, and their environment (also see Archaeozoology)

Zoology, the study of animals

Zymology, the study of fermentation

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