Amen is a 2002 German, Romanian, and French film directed by Costa-Gavras.
The film is based on a 1963 play by Rolf Hochhuth, The Deputy, a Christian Tragedy
Ulrich Tukur as Kurt Gerstein
Mathieu Kassovitz as Riccardo Fontana
Amen concerns the links between the Vatican and Nazi Germany. The central character is Kurt Gerstein, a member of the Institute for Hygiene of the Waffen-SS, horrified by what he sees in the death camps. Gerstein attempts to notify Pope Pius XII, but is appalled by the lack of response he gets from the Catholic hierarchy. The only person moved is Riccardo Fontana, a young Jesuit priest.
While the character of Kurt Gerstein is historical, the plot is not (most noticeably, the character of the young priest).
In addition to the criticism that had already been raised about The Deputy for its portrayal of the role of the Catholic Church during the Holocaust, the film created controversy in Catholic circles by its poster representing a mix of a Christian cross and a swastika.
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