El Greco

El Greco, Self portrait , 1604

El Greco ("The Greek"[a][b], 1541 – April 7, 1614) was a painter, sculptor, and architect of the Spanish Renaissance. He usually signed his paintings in Greek letters with his full name, Doménicos Theotokópoulos (Greek: Δομήνικος Θεοτοκόπουλος), underscoring his Greek descent.

El Greco was born in Crete, which was at that time part of the Republic of Venice; at 26 he travelled to Venice itself to study, then a common practice of young Greek men who wished to pursue a wider education. In 1570 he moved to Rome, where he opened a workshop and executed a series of works. During his stay in Italy, El Greco enriched his style with elements of Mannerism and of the Venetian Renaissance. In 1577 he emigrated to Toledo, Spain, where he lived and worked until his death. In Toledo, El Greco received several major commissions and produced his best known paintings.

El Greco's dramatic and expressionistic style was met with puzzlement by his contemporaries but found appreciation in the 20th century. El Greco is regarded as a precursor of both Expressionism and Cubism, while his personality and works were a source of inspiration for poets and writers such as Rainer Maria Rilke and Nikos Kazantzakis. El Greco has been characterized by modern scholars as an artist so individual that he belongs to no conventional school.[1] He is best known for tortuously elongated figures and often fantastic or phantasmagorical pigmentation, marrying Byzantine traditions with those of Western civilization.[2]

Early years and family

See also: ", The New York Times, 2005-03-20. Retrieved on 2006-12-17.

  • Horsley, Carter B. . Retrieved on 2006-12-04.
  • Kimmelman, Michael. "", 2003-10-03. Retrieved on 2006-12-17.
  • McGarr, Simon. ", The New York Times, 1982-07-18. Retrieved on 2006-12-17.
  • . Web Gallery of Art. Retrieved on 2006-10-25.

  • Further reading

    • Aznar, José Camón (1950). Dominico Greco. Madrid.
    • Davies, David (Editor), Elliott, John H. (Editor), Bray, Xavier (Contributor), Christiansen, Keith (Contributor), Finaldi, Gabriele (Contributor) (2006). El Greco (catalogue). National Gallery London. ISBN 1-85709-938-9.
    • Marias, Fernando (2005). El Greco in Toledo. Scala Publishers. ISBN 1-85759-210-7.
    • Pallucchini, Rodolfo (March 7, 1937). "II Polittico del Greco della R. Gallena Estense e la Formazione dell'Artista (in Italian)". Gazzetta dell' Emilia 13: 171–178.
    • Prevelakis, Pandelis (1942). Theotocópoulos—Biography (in Greek). Aetos.
    • Rice, Talbot (January 1937). "El Greco and Byzantium". The New York Review of Books 70 (No.406): 34+38–39.

    External links

    Apostel Andreas, El Greco (Museo del Greco - Toledo)


    Epimetheus and Pandora, El Greco

    A Lady in a Fur Wrap
    Adoration of the Shepherds
    Allegory of the Camaldolese Order
    An Elderly Gentleman
    Antonio de Covarrubias
    A View of Toledo
    Apostles Peter and Paul
    Apparition of the Virgin to St Lawrence
    Baptism of Christ
    Christ as Saviour
    Christ Carrying the Cross
    Christ in Agony on the Cross
    Christ on the Cross
    Christ on the Cross Adored by Two Donors
    Christ on the Cross with the Two Maries and St John
    Diego de Covarrubias
    Jerónimo de Cevallos
    John the Evangelist
    Julián Romero de las Azanas and his Patron Saint
    Mary Magdalene in Penitence 1
    Mary Magdalene in Penitence 2
    Mary Magdalene in Penitence 3
    Nobleman with his Hand on his Chest
    Poet Ercilla y Zuniga
    Portrait of a Cardinal
    Portrait of Doctor Rodrigo de la Fuente
    Portrait of a Gentleman
    Portrait of a Gentleman 2
    Portrait of a Gentleman from the Casa de Leiva
    Portrait of Jorge Manuel Theotokopoulos
    Portrait of An Old Man
    Portrait of Rodrigo Vázquez
    Portrait of a Sculptor
    St. Andrew and St. Francis
    St. Dominic in Prayer
    St. Francis in Prayer before the Crucifix
    St. Francis Meditating
    St. Francis Praying
    St. Francis Receiving the Stigmata 1
    St. Francis Receiving the Stigmata 2
    St. Ildefonso
    St, Jerome
    St. Jerome as Cardinal
    St. John the Baptist
    St. John the Evangelist
    St. John and St. Francis
    St. Louis, King of France, with a Page
    St. Luke
    St. Peter
    St, Peter in Penitence
    St. Sebastian
    The Agony in the Garden
    The Annunciation
    The Burial of the Count of Orgaz
    The Coronation of The Virgin
    The Coronation of the Virgin 2
    The Coronation of the Virgin 3
    The Disrobing of Christ (El Espolio)
    The Disrobing of Christ 2
    The Ecstasy of St Francis
    The Holy Family 1
    The Holy Family 2
    The Holy Family 3
    The Holy Family 4
    The Marriage of the Virgin
    The Purification of the Temple
    The Repentant Peter
    The Virgin of the Immaculate Conception and St John
    The Virgin Mary
    The Virgin Mary 2
    View and Plan of Toledo

    El Greco on Stamps

    I pay tribute to Domenikos Theotokopoulos because whether one realizes it or not, we are living in troubled and uncertain times, through which the visions of this man shine out like a beacon. This is because his genius has always held out a torch toward the cosmic ethos, transformed today into a ray of hope. Vangelis

    Retrieved from "http://en.wikipedia.org/"
    All text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License

    Ancient Greece

    Medieval Greece / Byzantine Empire

    Modern Greece

    Science, Technology , Medicine , Warfare
    , Biographies , Life , Cities/Places/Maps , Arts , Literature , Philosophy ,Olympics, Mythology , History , Images

    Science, Technology, Arts
    , Warfare , Literature, Biographies
    Icons, History

    Cities, Islands, Regions, Fauna/Flora ,
    Biographies , History , Warfare
    Science/Technology, Literature, Music , Arts , Film/Actors , Sport , Fashion


    Greek-Library -