Christos Antoniou Sartzetakis

Christos Antoniou Sartzetakis (behind him a photo of Eleftherios Venizelos)

Christos Antoniou Sartzetakis (born 6 April 1929 - Thessaloniki) is a Greek jurist and an elder statesman.

He received his law degree at the university of Thessaloniki in 1954. He then started a successful career, first as a lawyer at the Thessaloniki Bar. In november 1955 he was nominated as Justice of the Peace. One year later he became a judge in the Court of first Instance.

He was the dogged prosecutor in the sensational case of the assassination on the left-wing member of parliament (and ‘doctor of the poor’) Grigoris Lambrakis, committed on 22 May 1963 in Thessaloniki, supposedly ordered by the right-wing government. Lambrakis had called for Greece to disarm and withdraw from NATO. Over half a million people attended his funeral.

In spite of sabotage by his superiors, he nevertheless succeeded in elucidating this shady affair for a greater part. He succeeded in convicting the police officers involved in the murder. These were later rehabilitated by the military junta.

The circumstances of the Lambrakis investigation were described in the well-known 1966 novel Z, by Vassilis Vassilikos. The novel was adapted for the screenplay of the Academy Award winning 1969 film Z, directed by Costa-Gavras, starring Jean-Louis Trintignant in the role of the brave prosecutor and Yves Montand as the unnamed senator. The score for the movie was composed by the famed Greek composer Mikis Theodorakis.

After the Lambrakis prosecution was concluded, Sartzetakis left on an educational leave, with a state allowance, for Paris to study comparative law at the Faculté de Droit et des Sciences Économiques de Paris and Centre Universitaire des Études des Communautés Européennes.

Immediately following the putsch of 21 April 1967 by George Papadopoulos, he was called back to Athens by the military junta. Together with 29 other magistrates, he was discharged by a "Constitutional Act" from all his legal functions on 29 May 1968.

He was twice arrested, and was imprisoned for almost a year. He was savagely tortured by the military police.

On 19 November 1971 he was released, under mounting international pressure (mainly French). The junta had never dared to prosecute him before a court.

In September 1974, after the toppling of the dictatorship and the restoration of the democracy in Greece, he was completely rehabilitated.

During the following years he became chairman of the Court of Appeal and finally, in October 1982, Supreme Court Justice. He became a fellow in several international legal societies. He also wrote several legal and political studies. He was bestowed with the highest honors in many countries.

On 29 March 1985, on proposal of the PASOK, he was elected by the parliament as President of the Hellenic Republic for one 5-year term, succeeding Constantine Karamanlis, although he was not affiliated with any political party. He fulfilled this function up to 4 May 1990. As President he has often been made fun of for his intolerance of press criticism and his regal life-style.

He still attends many ceremonial events in Greece. He has been honored several times as doctor honoris causa and been given the highest decorations of many states. He is widely known and respected for his integrity as a judge and as a fighter for democracy.

Preceded by: Ioannis Alevras
President of Greece 1985 - 1990
Succeeded by: Constantine Karamanlis

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