Emmanouil Tsouderos

Emmanouil Tsouderos

Emmanouil Tsouderos ()(1882 - 1956) was a political and financial figure of modern Greece as well as the father of Virginia Tsouderou.

He was born in Rethymno, Crete in 1882 and studied economics in Greece and abroad. He returned to Crete and was elected Member of Parliament of the Cretan Legislature (1906 - 1912). After the union ("Ενωσις") of Crete with Greece, he was elected to the Hellenic Parliament and served as Minister of Transportation under Eleftherios Venizelos and Minister of Finances under Themistoklis Sophoulis. He also served as governor of the Central Bank of Greece in the late 1930s [1].

In 1941 he succeeded Alexandros Koryzis as Prime Minister while the Wehrmacht forces were marching towards Athens. He fled with King George II of Greece to Crete where he organised his forces to face the coming German invasion.

Tsouderos fled again during the battle of Crete to the Middle East and later Egypt. He headed the Greek government in exile initially in London and subsequently in Cairo until 1944. He served in the subsequent government in exile under Sophoklis Venizelos and, after the end of World War II, in different capacities until his death in Italy in 1956.

Preceded by Alexandros Koryzis
Prime Minister of Greece April 21 - April 29, 1941 Succeeded by
Georgios Tsolakoglou (occupation government)

Preceded by himself as head of Athens government
Prime Minister of Greece (government in exile) April 29, 1941 - April 13, 1944
Succeeded by Sophoklis Venizelos

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