Strymónas / Struma

The Bulgarian portion of the Struma river

The Struma/Strymónas (Bulgarian: Струма, IPA /'struma/, Greek: Στρυμόνας /stri'monas/) is a river in Bulgaria and Greece. Its ancient name was Strymōn. Its total length is 290 km.

The Struma/Strymónas rises in the Vitosha Mountains of Bulgaria and flows about 400 kilometers south to the Aegean Sea in the Serres prefecture. The valley is a coal-producing area of Bulgaria. The Greek portion is a valley which is dominant in agriculture. The tributaries include the Rila river.

View from the acropolis of Amphipolis toward the South : the gymnasium's remains in the foreground, the Strymon River and its delta in the background. (Photo, Marsyas French Wikipedia)

The ancient Greek city of Amphipolis was founded at the river's entrance to the Aegean, and the Battle of Kleidion was fought by the river in 1014. In 1913, the Greek army was trapped in the Kresna Gorge of the Struma/Strymónas during the Second Balkan War. The Bulgarians were defeated in the war, however, and the Treaty of Bucharest resulted in significant territorial losses for Bulgaria.

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