Manakis brothers

This is the only film material discovered and preserved that was developed by the Manaki Brothers themselves and composed as a documentary whole for public exhibition. The ceremony of the funeral of Metropolitan Emilianos of Grevena, who was murdered on October 1st, 1911, is recorded in this film. All the time the Metropolitan's body was being carried in sitting position.

The Manakis brothers, Yannis/Yannakis (Avdela, 1878–Thessaloniki, 1954) and Miltiadis (Avdela, 1882–Bitola, 1964) (Greek: Γιάννης/Γιαννάκης and Μιλτιάδης Μανάκιας), were Vlach photographers and filmmakers born in the small village of Avdela in Ottoman Epirus. They made the first motion pictures in the Balkans in Monastir, Ottoman Macedonia (now Bitola) in 1905. They are also referred to as the Manakia or Manaki brothers.

From 1898 to 1904, they operated a photographic studio in Iannina. In 1905, they moved their business to Monastir. In total, they took over 17,300 photographs in 120 localities.

In 1905, they purchased a Bioscope camera in London and used it to capture a variety of subjects: their grandmother spinning wool in Avdela; visits by government officials to Monastir/Bitola, including Sultan Mehmed V, Prince Alexander of Serbia (1913), and Prince Paul of Greece (1918); local festivals and weddings; and revolutionary activities.

They opened the first cinema in Bitola, first open-air (1921), then covered (1923).

Their archive of film footage was deposited in the State Archive of the Republic of Macedonia in 1955, and transferred to the Cinémathèque of Macedonia in 1976. (Stardelov)

The annual Manaki Brothers International Film Camera Festival, commemorating them, is held in Bitola.

The plot of Theo Angelopoulos' film Ulysses' Gaze revolves around the fictional and metaphoric quest for a lost, undeveloped reel of film taken by the Manakis brothers before the Balkans were split by the forces of nationalism. It opens with the images of their grandmother spinning wool.

Spinning Women (Yfantres)


This list is incomplete;

City Wedding (before World War II)

Parade Of Turkish Infantry And Cavalry (before World War II)

Religious Holiday "All Souls' Day" (Whit Sunday) (before World War II)

Saint George's Day Celebration (before World War II)

Veterinary Medicine Station (before World War II)

Chores (Weaving Women) (1905)

Grandmother Despina (1905)

Spinning Women (Avdela), 1906

Processions (with greek inscriptions) (1908)

Turks Having Speech On Hurriyet (Liberty) (1908)

Romanian Delegation Visiting Bitola (1911)

Romanian Delegation Visiting Gopesh (1911)

The Funeral Of Metropolitan Emilianos Of Grevena (1911)

Turkish Sultan Mehmed V Reshad Visiting Bitola (1911)

Turkish Sultan Mehmed V Reshad Visiting Thessalonika (1911)

Alexander Karadjordjevic Visiting Bitola (1912)

Wellcoming Of The Greek King And Heir To The Throne Pavle By General Bojovic In Bitola (1918)


  • Exarchos, Giorgis, Αδελφοί Μανάκια: πρωτοπόροι του κινηματογράφου στα Βαλκάνια και το "Βλαχικόν ζήτημα" (The Brothers Manakia: Pioneers of the Cinema in the Balkans and the "Vlach question"), Athens, Gavriilidis, 1991. Summary
  • Igor Stardelov, "Preservation of Manaki Brothers Film Heritage", Journal of Film Preservation, April 1997, 26:54:27-30. [1] Describes the preservation of the Manaki brothers films in the Kinoteka na Makedonija/Cinémathèque of Macedonia.


Biography from the film festival

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