Amorgos

Periphery: South Aegean
Prefecture: Cyclades

Amorgos

Amorgos (Αμοργός) is the easternmost island of the Greek Cyclades island group. It is the closest island of the Cyclades to the neighboring Dodecanese. The area is 121 km² and the population is about 1600.

Due to the position of Amorgos across from ancient beaches of Ionian towns, such as Miletus, Halicarnassus and Ephesus, it became one of the first places from which the Ionians passed through to the Cyclades Islands and onto mainland Greece. The existence of three independent cities with autonomous constitution and the same currency, which have been preserved to this day, the size and artistic works of the walls surrounding the city of Arkesini, the ancient towers to which skeletons were raised to this day all over the island, the ancient tombs, the stone tools, the inscriptions, the vases and other antiquities are all powerful proof of the size of the ancient civilisation of Amorgos. Amorgos is also known as Yperia, Patagy, or Platagy, Pagali, Psichia, and Karkisia. Part of the island is named Aspis, where the ancient temple of the Goddess Aphrodite stood. From the name Minoa we suspect that from ancient times Amorgos had been colonised by the Cretans. Also, according to Suidan and from inscriptions, Samians inhabited the island under the leadership of Simmias. With the passing of time the islands name changed to Amolgon, Amourgon, Amorgian, and Amourgian. After the 5th century you can also find the name Amoulgos from Bishop Theodore who signed a Synod in Constantinople, as Theodore the Bishop of Parion, Sifnion, and Amoulgion. Skylax mentions it as Tripoli (the circumnavigation of the Cyclades Islands).

The names of the three cities given by Stefanos Vizantios are Arkesini, Minoa, Aigiali or Melania where according to inscriptions, are the more correct. The three towns are on the island's west coast because only there you can find the right bays and natural ports that could provide the proper positioning for seaside towns and forts. Aigiali was on the north East Side of the island close to the present day locations of Tholaria and Stroumvos and to this day can still be found there. Whilst Minoa is situated at the centre of the northern side close to the present day village of Katapola, and Arkesini close to the present day lowland location Castri.

Cycladic figurine from Amorgos

From excavations and findings, especially burial tombs we believe that the presence of Amorgos during the prehistoric years existed intensely, particularly during the first period of Cycladic civilisation (3200 to 2000 BC).

Division of the municipality of Amorgos with a population 1859 (2001 census)

  • Amorgos / Δ.δ. Αμοργού [ 414 ]
    • Amorgos / η Αμοργός [ 398 ]
    • Grambonisio (island) / το Γραμπονήσιο (νησίδα) [ 0 ]
    • Kastelopetra / η Καστελόπετρα [ 16 ]
    • Nikouria (island) / τα Νικούρια (νησίδα) [ 0 ]
  • Aigiali / Δ.δ. Αιγιάλης [ 487 ]
    • Aigiali / η Αιγιάλη [ 229 ]
    • Agios Pavlos / ο Άγιος Παύλος [ 17 ]
    • Ormos Aigialis / ο Όρμος Αιγιάλης [ 125 ]
    • Potamos / ο Ποταμός [ 116 ]
  • Arkesini / Δ.δ. Αρκεσίνης [ 218 ]
    • Arkesini / η Αρκεσίνη [ 129 ]
    • Gramvoussa (island) / η Γραμβούσσα (νησίδα) [ 0 ]
    • Kalotaritissa / η Καλοταρίτισσα [ 31 ]
    • Kalofana / η Καλοφάνα [ 41 ]
    • Mavri Myti / η Μαύρη Μύτη [ 5 ]
    • Rachoula / η Ραχούλα [ 12 ]
    • Felouka (island) / η Φελούκα (νησίδα) [ 0 ]
    • Psalida (island) / η Ψαλίδα (νησίδα) [ 0 ]
  • Vroutsis / Δ.δ. Βρούτση [ 82 ]
    • Vroutsis / ο Βρούτσης [ 37 ]
    • Kamarion / το Καμάριον [ 45 ]
  • Tholaria / Δ.δ. Θολαρίων [ 173 ]
    • Tholaria / τα Θολάρια [ 147 ]
    • Paralia Tholarion / η Παραλία Θολαρίων [ 26 ]
  • Katapola / Δ.δ. Καταπόλων (Αμοργού) [ 485 ]
    • Katapola / τα Κατάπολα [ 128 ]
    • Ano Antikeri (island) / το Άνω Αντικέρι (νησίδα) [ 0 ]
    • Kato Antikeri (island) / το Κάτω Αντικέρι (νησίδα) [ 1 ]
    • Lefkes / οι Λεύκες [ 49 ]
    • Nera / τα Νερά [ 9 ]
    • Xylokeratidion / το Ξυλοκερατίδιον [ 107 ]
    • Pera Rachidi / το Πέρα Ραχίδι [ 36 ]
    • Rachidion / το Ραχίδιον [ 148 ]
    • Christoulaki / το Χριστουλάκι (τ. ο Τσεσεμές) [ 7 ]

Aigiali

Aigiali is a municipal district, Ormos Aigialis a part is a sea-side village

Arkesini

Amorgos, Agia Triada Tower, Arkesini Acropolis,

Arkesini is a village c. 15 km from Chora. In the antiquity there was a tower (Agias Triadas) from the 4th century BC, probably part of a fortification. Churches in Arkesini: Agios Onoufrios.

Information, images about the ancient tower Agias Triadas in Amorgos (Greek)

Katapola

Hellenistic fortifications of Minoa city, Katapola,

Katapola is a sea-side village, municipal district.

Rachidi

Rachidi (older form Rachidion) is part of the Katapola district. Churches: Agios Georgios

Xylokreatidi

Xylokeratidi (older form Xylokeratidion) is part of the Katapola district. Churches: Trion Ierarchon

Year Communal population Island population
1981 353
1991 330 1632
2001 398 1859

Surrounding islands: Gramvoussa, Psalida, Felouka, Grambonisio or Grambonisi, Ano Antikeri, Kato Antikeri, Nikouria,

The island was featured in Luc Besson's film The Big Blue.

Amorgos was the birthpace of the poet Simonides

Links

Municipalities and communities of the Cyclades Prefecture

Amorgos | Andros | Ano Syros | Drymalia | Ermoupoli | Exomvourgo | Ios | Kea | Korthio | Kythnos | Milos | Mykonos | Naxos | Paros | Poseidonia | Santorini | Serifos | Sifnos | Tinos | Ydrousa |

Anafi | Antiparos | Donousa | Folegandros | Irakleia | Kimolos | Koufonisi | Oia | Panormos | Schoinoussa | Sikinos

Greek Islands

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