Antiochus Hierax

Antiochus Hierax,

Antiochus Hierax (in Greek Aντιoχoς Ιεραξ; killed 227 BC), so called from his grasping and ambitious character, was the younger son of Antiochus II, Seleucid king of Syria. On the death of his father in 246 BC Antiochus waged war upon his brother Seleucus II Callinicus, in order to obtain Anatolia for himself as an independent kingdom. This war lasted for many years, but Antiochus was at length entirely defeated, chiefly through the efforts of Attalus, king of Pergamon, who drove him out of Anatolia. Antiochus subsequently fled to Egypt where he was killed by robbers in 227 BC. He married a daughter of Ziaelas, king of Bithynia.1

References

Smith, William (editor); Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology, "Antiochus Hierax", Boston, (1867)

Notes

  • 1 Justin, Epitome of Pompeius Trogus, xxvii. 2-3; Polyaenus, Stratagemata, iv. 17; Eusebius, Chronicon (Schoene ed.), pag. 251; Pompeius Trogus, Prologi, 27; Plutarch, Moralia, "On brotherly love" (36 MB PDF)

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This article incorporates text from the public domain Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology by William Smith (1867).

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