Menecrates a Syracusan physician at the court of Philip, king of Macedon, 359 to 336 BC. He seems to have been a successful practitioner, but to have made himself ridiculous by calling himself "Jupiter," and assuming divine honours. (Suid. s. v. Menekrate.) He once wrote a letter to Philip, beginning Menekrates Zeus Philippo chairein, to which the king (or Agesilaus acc. to Plutarch) wrote back an answer in these words, Philippos Menekratei hugiainein. (Athen. vii. p. 289; Aelian. Var. Hist. xii. 51.) He was invited one day by Philip to a magnificent entertainment, where the other guests were sumptuously fed, while he himself had nothing but incense and libations, as not being subject to the human infirmity of hunger. He was at first pleased with his reception, but afterwards, perceiving the joke, and finding that no more substantial food was offered him, he left the party in disgust (Athen, Aelian, l. c.)

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