Peisander of Sparta

Peisander , a Spartan, brother-in-law of Agesilaus II., who made him admiral of the fleet in 395 BC, permission having been sent him from the government at home to appoint whomsoever he pleased to tile office. This is an instance of the characteristic nepotism of Agesilaus; for Peisander, though brave and eager for distinction, was deficient in the experience requisite for the command in question. In the following year, 394 BC, he was defeated and slain in a sea-fight off Cnidus, against Conon and Pharnabazus (Xen. Hell. iii. 4. § 29, iv. 3, §§ 10, &c; Plut. Ages. 10; Paus. iii. 9; Diod. xiv. 83; Corn. Nep. Con. 4; Just. vi. 3). Diodorus improperly calls him Periarchus.


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