The Story of Pasiphae, Theseus and the Minotaur

The History of the Minotaur from Cassone Paintings,16th century.

0.69 m x 1.82 m, Musée du Petit Palais Avignon

1) King Minos of Crete is assumed to sacrifice a white Bull sent by Poseidon. 2) Minos thinks that it is better to sacrifice another bull which is killed and 3) sacrificed. The punishment 4, 5 ): Poseidon caused Minos's wife Pasiphae to fell in love with the bull. The result was her son Minotaur.

1) Minotaur, the son of the white Bull and Pasiphae, attacks and kills Cretans (In the Medieval time the Minotaur is represented as a Centaur while the ancient Greeks showed him as a man with the head of a bull). 2) The Minotaur is captured with the help of Poseidon. 3) The ship with Theseus arrives. Interesting the ship carries 7 shields with the symbols representing the Medici. 4) Theseus meets Ariadne and her sister Phaedra. 5) Ariadne gives a ball of thread to Theseus (who is dressed like a knight) to be able to return from the Labyrinth 6). Theseus goes to the Labyrinth 7) He kills inside the Labyrinth the Minotaur, Ariadne and her sister are waiting in front of the Labyrinth 8) Theseus with Ariadne and her sister leave Crete. 9) Their ship with the black sail (Theseus too happy has forgotten to replace it by a white sail) leaves Crete.

0.69 m x 1.55 m Musée du Petit Palais Avignon

Such paintigs that show the history as it evolves were also known in antiquity such as that of an sarcophacus showing the history of Kleobis and Biton.

Kleobis and Biton with Cydippe, Cydippe with a torch in front of the Hera Temple in Argos, the brothers dead on the ground, A Goddess takes the brothers which in the future are united again with their mother.

Dictionary of Greek Mythology

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