Diakopto, or Diakopton or Diakofto (Διακοπτό) is a municipality in Achaea, Greece. Population 7005 (2001). Area 103.39 km2. The town of Diakopto (Diakofto / Diakophto) is situated at the Gulf of Corinthos near the famous Vouraikos-Gorge, where an old rack-railway leads up to the Town of Kalavryta and the mega-Spileon monastry. In the antiquity in the region were the ancient cities Keryneia, Helike and Voura (or Boura). The municipality was formed 1999. First time it was formed as municipality of Voura in 1835.
Division of the municipality
Ano Diakopto (Upper Diakopto) is in the mountainous area of Diakopto, on a side of Chelmos. In the past known as Pera Machalas.
Eliki is named after ancient Helike (Helice). In a night in 373 BC the city was destroyed by an earthquake. It sank into the earth, and weas covered over by the sea. The ancient city was named according to Greek mythology by Ion a son of Xuthus who married Helike, the daughter of a king . Eliki was an independent community, since 1999 a municipal department of Diakopto. It was called in the past Zevgolatio.
Rizomylos is a sea-side village , resort, in the past an independent community now a municipal department of Diakopto. Dr. Dora Katsonopoulou, President of the Helike Society, and Dr. Steven Soter of the American Museum of Natural History rediscovered the city Helike in the summer 2001, near the village Rizomylos. The World Monuments Fund included Helike in its 2004 List of 100 Most Endangered Sites in an effort to protect the site from destruction.
Keryneia is named after the ancient Cerynia (gr. Keryneia ) known from the Cerynian hind captured by Heracles. The Keryneians founded the Keryneia city in Cyprus. In ancient Keryneia was a temple of the Eumenides build after a Legend by Orestes. For the murder of his mother a formal trial of the case before twelve Attic judges was arranged. The votes of the judges were equally divided, and Athena voted for Orestes. The Erinyes were propitiated by a new ritual, in which they were worshipped as Eumenides, and Orestes dedicated an altar to Athena Areia. Ancient Keryneia was near the village Mamousia. Some remain exist such as tombs from the Hellenistic period, fortifications and a theater.
Each year in the summer, the Festival Elikeia-Posidoneia is held in Keryneia.
Nikolaiika (Nikoleika) is a sea-side village / resort, population 429. It is 52 km from Patras . It was an independent community, since 1999 a municipal department of Diakopto. It has a football team, Niki Nikoleikon.
Elaionas (old form Elaion) is a sea-side village / resort, municipal department. It was called in the past Trypia. It has a football team, Doxa Elaiona.
Trapeza is a village and Municipal department of Diakopto. The village is c. 60 km from Patras Near Trapeza are the monasteries Agias Triadas and Agiou Nikolaou (both not used today by monks). The village has a nice beach called Pounta.
Zachloritika is a semi-mountain village on a side of Marathias mountain, the population 434 in 2001 are mainly farmers. Before 1999 an independent community, now a municipal department of Diakopto.
Panagiotis Vasileiou, Mayor
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