Florina

Florina (Greek: Φλώρινα; South Slavic: Лерин/Lerin) is a town in Greece. It lies in the central part of Florina prefecture, of which it is the capital. It is located at 40°47′00″N, 21°24′00″E. The town's population is estimated as some 12,622 people (1991 census). It is in a wooded valley about 13 km south of the border with the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia.

It is located east of Korçë, Albania and Lake Prespa, south of Bitola, former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, west of Thessaloniki and Edessa, northwest of Larissa and Kozani, and northeast of Ioannina and Kastoria. The nearest airport is situated to the east. The mountains of Verno is to the southwest and Varnous to the northwest.

Florina is passed by GR-2 (Lake Prespa - Edessa) and GR-3/E65 (Kozani - Florina - Niki - Bitola). The historic Via Egnatia is situated to the east.

Name

The name Florina ( Φλώρινα) may derive from the Greek Macedonian word "φλωρός" florós (χλωρός hlorós in standard Greek, which means green or fresh, in reference to the vegetation of the area). The town is called Lerin/Лерин in Slavic, Follorinë in Albanian and Florina in Turkish and Aromanian.

Florina (Φλώρινα)
 
Periphery West Macedonia
Prefecture Florina
Province
Population 16,771 (2001)
Area 150.6 km²
Population density 111/km²
Elevation 663 m
Coordinates 40°47′ N 21°24′ E
Postal code 531 00
Area code 23850
Licence plate code ΡΑ
Mayor
Website

Florina, in the Ottoman period

History

Founded during the Byzantine period, Florina fell to the Ottoman Empire in the late 14th century. By the 18th century, its population was a mixture of Turks, Albanians, Greeks, and Slavs. In 1912 it became part of Greece following the First Balkan War.

The town was contested again during the Second Balkan War, World War I, and World War II, during each of which it was occupied by Bulgaria. It underwent significant demographic changes during the 20th century.

Sites of interests

Florina Archaeological Museum, Website
Florina Byzantine Museum, Website
Florina Museum of Modern Art, Website

Sakoulevas river in the town of Florina. (Source)

Florina city hall. (Source)

Other

Florina has schools, lyceums, gymnasia, banks, a train station, a sports centre, a post office, and squares (plateies).

Historical population

Year Population Municipal population
2001 14555 16.771

Pisoderi - Vigla , ski resort

Division of the Florina municipality

  • Florina / Δ.δ. Φλώρινας [ 14.555 ]
    • Florina / η Φλώρινα [ 14.279 ]
    • Simos Ioannidis / ο Σίμος Ιωαννίδης [ 276 ]
  • Alona / Δ.δ. Αλώνων -- τα Άλωνα [ 237 ]
  • Armenochorion / Δ.δ. Αρμενοχωρίου -- το Αρμενοχώριον [ 1.063 ]
  • Koryfi / Δ.δ. Κορυφής -- η Κορυφή [ 5 ]
  • Mesonision / Δ.δ. Μεσονησίου -- το Μεσονήσιον [ 227 ]
  • Proti / Δ.δ. Πρώτης -- η Πρώτη [ 103 ]
  • Skopia / Δ.δ. Σκοπιάς -- η Σκοπιά [ 571 ]
  • Trivounon / Δ.δ. Τριβούνου [ 10 ]
    • Trivounon / το Τρίβουνον [ 5 ]
    • Kalogeritsa / η Καλογερίτσα [ 5 ]

Macedonian Dance Florina region

References

  • The Columbia Encyclopedia, 2004
  • Encyclopædia Britannica, 2005
  • The Penguin Encyclopedia of Places, 1999
  • Rough Guide to Greece, Mark Ellingham et al, 2000

Links

Retrieved from "http://en.wikipedia.org"
All text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License

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