Florina (Greek: Φλώρινα; South Slavic: Лерин/Lerin) is a town in Greece. It lies in the central part of Florina prefecture, of which it is the capital. It is located at 40°47′00″N, 21°24′00″E. The town's population is estimated as some 12,622 people (1991 census). It is in a wooded valley about 13 km south of the border with the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia.
It is located east of Korçë, Albania and Lake Prespa, south of Bitola, former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, west of Thessaloniki and Edessa, northwest of Larissa and Kozani, and northeast of Ioannina and Kastoria. The nearest airport is situated to the east. The mountains of Verno is to the southwest and Varnous to the northwest.
Florina is passed by GR-2 (Lake Prespa - Edessa) and GR-3/E65 (Kozani - Florina - Niki - Bitola). The historic Via Egnatia is situated to the east.
The name Florina ( Φλώρινα) may derive from the Greek Macedonian word "φλωρός" florós (χλωρός hlorós in standard Greek, which means green or fresh, in reference to the vegetation of the area). The town is called Lerin/Лерин in Slavic, Follorinë in Albanian and Florina in Turkish and Aromanian.
Florina, in the Ottoman period
Founded during the Byzantine period, Florina fell to the Ottoman Empire in the late 14th century. By the 18th century, its population was a mixture of Turks, Albanians, Greeks, and Slavs. In 1912 it became part of Greece following the First Balkan War.
The town was contested again during the Second Balkan War, World War I, and World War II, during each of which it was occupied by Bulgaria. It underwent significant demographic changes during the 20th century.
Sites of interests
Florina Archaeological Museum, Website
Florina has schools, lyceums, gymnasia, banks, a train station, a sports centre, a post office, and squares (plateies).
Pisoderi - Vigla , ski resort
Division of the Florina municipality
Macedonian Dance Florina region