Messolonghi

The beauty of the nature which surrounds them
increases the impatience of the enemies to conquer the region
and the pain of the besieged losing it.
Whoever dies today dies thousand times
Dionysios Solomos , The Free Besieged

Statistics

Prefecture: Aitolia-Acarnania
Location:
Latitude:
Longitude:

38.38/38 °22'51' N lat.
21.428/21 °25'45' E long
Area 280.2 km²
Population: (2001)
 - Total
 - Density ¹
 - Rank

17988
64.2 /km ²
Elevation:
 -lowest:
 -centre:
 -highest:

Gulf of Patras
9 m(centre)
about 600 to 800 m
Postal code: 302 00
Area/distance code: 26310
Municipal code: 0218
Car designation: ME (Messolonghi)
3-letter abbreviation: MES

Periphery:West Greece
Prefecture : Aitolia-Acarnania

Messolonghi (Greek: Μεσολόγγι, Mesolóngi, older forms Messolongi, Missolonghi, Mesolongion) is a town of about 12,000 people (as of 1991 census) in central Greece. The town is the capital of Aetolia and Acarnania and is also the second largest town. It is the seat of the municipality of Iera Poli Messolonghiou. Messolonghi is linked and is bypasses since the 1960s with GR-5/E55. The road to Astakos is to the northwest and is also accessed to GE-48 to the east. It is located S of Agrinio, SSW of Karpenisi, WSW od Amfissa, W of the Rio-Antirio Bridge, W of Nafpaktos, E of Aitoliko and SE of Astakos. The town was founded in the 16th century and is located between the Acheloos and the Evinos rivers. The town contains a port on the Gulf of Patras (Patra or Patrai). It trades in fish, wine, and tobacco. The Arakynthos mountains lie to the northeast. The town is almost canalized but houses are within the gulf and the swamplands.

The Messolonghi Lagoon lies to the west and is also a swampy area. In the ancient times, the land was part of the gulf. The town had a train station which used to link the railway line linking to Ioannina and became abandoned in the 1980s.

Messolonghi, Satellite Images, Greece

Messolonghi, Google Earth

The Messolonghi Lagoon lies to the west and is also a swampy area.

Greek Felucca near Messolonghi,

In the ancient times, the land was part of the gulf. The town had a train station which used to link the railway line linking to Ioannina and became abandoned in the 1980s.

Messolonghi was a major stronghold of the Greek insurgents in the Greek War of Independence. Its inhabitants successfully resisted a siege by Turkish forces of the Ottoman Empire in 1822-–23 and held out heroically against a second siege from 1825 to 1826, when the Ottoman forces captured the town. The famous English poet Lord Byron, who supported the Greek struggle for independence, died there in 1824. He is commemorated by a cenotaph and a statue located in the town.

The Siege of Missolonghi. Lithograph 58 cm x 78 cm National Historical Museum, Print Collection. From I. Gennadius and Fr. Boissonas, Histoire picturale de la guerre de l’indépendence Hellénique par le general Makriyannis notice historique, Geneva, Paris, 1926.

Messolongi, "Exodos", Sortie, 1826

Messolonghi, scenes from the last moments, Messolonghi, Messolonghi,

"LA GRECE SUR LES RUINES DE MISSOLONGHI" , Greece on the Ruins of Messolonghi, 1826, 209x147 cm, Delacroix Eugène (Charenton-Saint-Maurice 1798 - Paris 1863). Bordeaux, musée des Beaux-Arts, France

Theodoros P. Vryzakis, The sortie from Missolonghi

The Byron Chronology, 1823-4 Greece and death in Missolonghi

Historical population

Year Population Municipal population
1981 11375 -
1991 10916 16859
2001 12225 17988

Sites of interest

Museum of the History and the Art of the Holy City of Mesolongi, website

Tomb of Botsaris, monument created by the French sculptor David d'Angers to the Greek liberator Markos Botsaris consisting of a young female figure called Reviving Greece.. Messolonghi, Greece. Photo, Steven Constantine

Headstone from the tomb of Markos Botsaris, David d'Angers

1926 Stamp, 100 years since the siege of Messologhi, headstone from the tomb of Markos Botsaris,

The tomb of the heroes in Messolonghi

Other

Messolonghi has a schools, lyceums, gymnasia, churches, banks, a police station, a water tower, a post office, a junior soccer team, and a square (plateia).

Municipality of Messolonghi , population 17988 in 2001

Persons

Spyridon Trikoupis (1788-1873), father of Charilaos Trikoupis

Lord Byron in Greece his heart was buried in Missolonghi April 1824

John Lykoudis (1910 Missolonghi -1980) major and medical doctor involved in the treatment of peptic ulcer disease

Links

Northwest: Aitoliko North: Arakynthos Northeast: Makrynia
West: Messolonghi Lagoon Iera Poli Messolongiou East: Chalkia
South: Gulf of Patras

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